All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles at Online Manuscript Submission System

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement


Addressing Complaints and Appeals

Appeals concerning editorial decisions must present compelling evidence, such as new data or information, in response to the comments from reviewers and/or editors. Editors will evaluate one appeal per article, with all decisions being final. Priority will be given to the review and decision-making process for new submissions over appeals. Further details on the appeals procedure can be obtained by contacting the editor. For complaints regarding editorial management, please contact both the editor and the managing editor.

Maintaining Confidentiality

Editors and editorial staff are required to maintain confidentiality regarding submitted manuscripts, sharing information only with the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, and other relevant editorial advisers, as well as the publisher when necessary.

Data Sharing and Reproducibility

Authors are obligated to provide data upon reasonable request, ensuring it does not compromise the protection of human subjects or other privacy concerns.

Disclosure and Management of Conflicts of Interest

Editors and members of the editorial board are prohibited from using unpublished information from submitted manuscripts for their own research without explicit written consent from the authors. Any privileged information obtained during the handling of manuscripts must be kept confidential and not exploited for personal gain. Editors must recuse themselves from the review process if conflicts of interest arise, deferring to another editorial board member.

Ethical Oversight

Ethical oversight encompasses various aspects, including policies on consent for publication, research involving vulnerable populations, and the proper conduct of research with animals and human subjects, as well as the handling of confidential data and business/marketing practices.

Fairness and Editorial Independence

Editors are tasked with evaluating submitted manuscripts solely on academic merit, relevance to the journal's scope, and adherence to ethical standards, without bias based on authors' personal characteristics or affiliations. Editorial decisions are independent of external influences, ensuring the integrity of the publication process.

Dealing with Misconduct

Editors are responsible for identifying and preventing the publication of papers involving research misconduct. All forms of misconduct, including but not limited to those listed, are taken seriously and will result in appropriate action, ensuring the credibility of published work.

Post-Publication Processes

After publication, any necessary corrections or changes to the Version of Record will be made following careful consideration by the Editor. Post-publication notices, such as Corrections, Expressions of Concern, Retractions, or Removals, will be permanently linked to the original article to maintain the scholarly record's integrity.

Publication Decisions

Editors ensure that all manuscripts undergo peer review by experts in the field and make publication decisions based on the validation, significance, and reviewers' feedback, as well as legal requirements. The final decision on publication is made by the editors, with consideration given to the input of other editors or reviewers when necessary.


Acknowledging Sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work not cited by the authors and ensure proper attribution. They should also alert editors to any significant similarities between the manuscript under review and other works.

Maintaining Confidentiality

Reviewers must treat manuscripts as confidential documents and refrain from discussing them with unauthorized individuals, including other reviewers who have not been formally invited to participate.

Contributing to Editorial Decisions

Peer review aids editors in making editorial decisions and assists authors in improving their manuscripts through constructive feedback. It is a fundamental aspect of scholarly communication.

Disclosure and Management of Conflicts of Interest

Reviewers should promptly disclose any conflicts of interest and decline review invitations if such conflicts exist. They must refrain from using privileged information obtained during the review process for personal gain.


Reviewers are expected to promptly notify editors if they are unable to review a manuscript or provide a timely review, allowing alternative reviewers to be contacted.


Reviews should be conducted objectively, providing clear observations and arguments to help authors enhance their manuscripts. Personal criticism of authors is inappropriate.


Acknowledging Sources

Authors should appropriately acknowledge the work of others and cite influential publications. They must obtain explicit permission to use privately obtained information and refrain from using confidential information without consent.

Authorship and Contributorship

Only individuals who meet specific authorship criteria should be listed as authors, ensuring they can take public responsibility for the content. All contributors to the work should be acknowledged, with their permission obtained.

Conflicts of Interest

Authors must declare any competing interests that could influence their research or interpretation of results, maintaining transparency and integrity in their work.

Data Sharing and Reproducibility

Authors should provide data upon reasonable request, ensuring compliance with ethical standards and privacy concerns.

Addressing Errors in Published Works

Authors are obligated to promptly notify editors of significant errors in their published work and cooperate in correcting or retracting the paper if necessary.

Ethical Treatment of Human or Animal Subjects

Authors must ensure that research involving animals or human participants complies with relevant laws and guidelines, obtaining appropriate approvals and consent.

Avoiding Duplicate Publication and Plagiarism

Authors should submit only original work, appropriately citing sources and avoiding plagiarism in all its forms.

Participation in Peer Review

Authors are expected to engage in the peer review process, responding to editors' requests for data and revisions in a timely manner.


Addressing Unethical Publishing Behavior

The publisher is committed to addressing and preventing scholarly misconduct, fraudulent publication, or plagiarism. All forms of misconduct are taken seriously, with appropriate action taken as necessary.

Intellectual Property Rights

The publisher supports open access publishing and authors' rights to retain copyright in their work, promoting sharing and reuse of research publications.