All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles at Online Manuscript Submission System

Instructions for Authors

The Journal of Biosphere publishes original research, reviews, and new reports in a wide range of fields relevant to the biosphere, including: Biosciences, Biosciences, Biotechnology, Physical sciences, Earth sciences, Astronomy, Chemical sciences, Microbiology, Genetics, Molecular genetics, Molecular biology, Genome science, Oceanology, Climatology, And related disciplines.

Submit manuscripr online at JoB Manuscript Central or send as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at

    Editorial Policies and process
    Journal of Biosphere follows a progressive editorial policy that encourages researchers to submit the original research, reviews and editorial observations as articles, well supported by tables and graphic representation.
    Article Processing Charges (APC) :
    Journal of Biosphere is self-financed and does not receive funding from any institution/government. Hence, the Journal operates solely through processing charges we receive from the authors and some academic/corporate sponsors. The handling fee is required to meet its maintenance. Being an Open Access Journal, it  does not collect subscription charges from readers that enjoy free online access to the articles. Authors are hence required to pay a fair handling fee for processing their articles.
    Average Article prorcessing time (APT) is 45 days
    Submission of an Article
    In order to reduce delays, authors should adhere to the level, length and format of the Journal of Biosphere Journals at every stage of processing right from manuscript submission to each revision stage. Submitted articles should have a 300 words summary/abstract, separate from the main text. The summary should provide a brief account of the work by clearly stating the purpose of the study and the methodology adopted, highlighting major findings briefly.
    Article Preparation Guidelines
  • Authors are expected to attach an electronic covering letter completely mentioning the type of manuscript (e.g, Research article, Review articles, Brief Reports, Case study etc.) Unless invited on a special case, authors cannot classify a particular manuscript as Editorials or Letters to the editor or concise communications.
  • Confirm that each individual named as an author meets the uniform requirements of the Journal of Biosphere criteria for authorship.
  • Please make sure that the article submitted for review/publication is not under consideration elsewhere simultaneously.
  • Clearly mention financial support or benefits if any from commercial sources for the work reported in the manuscript, or any other financial interests that any of the authors may have, which could create a potential conflict of interest or the appearance of a conflict of interest with regard to the work.
  • A clear title of the article along with complete details of the author/s (professional/institutional affiliation, educational qualifications and contact information) must be provided in the tile page.
  • Corresponding author should include address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address in the first page of the manuscript and authors must address any conflict of interest with others once the article is published.
  • Number all sheets in succession, including references, tables, and figure legends.
  • Title page is page 1. On the first page, type the running head (short title for top of each page), title (which cannot include any acronyms), names of the authors and their academic degrees, grants or other financial supporters of the study, address for correspondence and reprint requests, and corresponding author's telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address.
    Guidelines for Research Articles
  • Research articles are articles written based on the empirical/secondary data collected using a clearly defined research methodology, where conclusion/s is drawn from the analysis of the data collected.
  • The information must be based on original research that adds to the body of knowledge in Journal of Biosphere.
  • Article/s should provide a critical description or analysis of the data presented while adding new and rapidly evolving areas in the field.
  • Articles should ideally be no more than 11 typeset pages
  • The main text should be no more than 4,500 words (not including Abstract, Methods, References and figure legends)
  • The title should be no more than 20 words, should describe the main message of the article using a single scientifically accurate sentence, and should not contain puns or idioms
  • Include an abstract of maximum 300 words with 7 to 10 important keywords.
  • The abstract should be divided into Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion.
  • Research articles must adhere to a format constituting the introduction followed by a brief review of relevant literature, methodology applied (to collect the data), discussion and References, Tables, and Figure Legends.
  • Font used should be Times new roman 12pt
  • While using Greek characters use symbols
    • Manuscript
  • Your manuscript text file should start with a title page that shows author affiliations and contact information, identifying the corresponding author with an asterisk. We recommend that each section includes an introduction of referenced text that expands on the background of the work. Some overlap with the Abstract is acceptable.
  • For the main body of the text, there are no specific requirements. You can organise it in a way that best suits your research. However, the following structure will be suitable in many cases:
  • Introduction
  • Results (with subheadings)
  • Discussion (without subheadings)
  • Methods
      • You should then follow the main body of text with:
    • References (limited to 60 references, though not strictly enforced)
    • Acknowledgements (optional)
    • Author contributions
    • Figure legends
    • Tables
      • We do not automatically include page or line numbers in the materials sent to Editorial Board Members and reviewers. Please consider including those in your manuscript; this can help facilitate the evaluation of the paper and makes giving feedback on specific sections easier.
      • For first submissions (i.e. not revised manuscripts), you may incorporate the manuscript text and figures into a single file up to 3 MB in size. Whilst Microsoft Word is preferred we also accept LaTeX, format. Figures can be inserted in the text at the appropriate positions, or grouped at the end.
      • Supplementary information should be combined and supplied as a single separate file, preferably in PDF format.
      • A submission template is available in the Overleaf template gallery to help you prepare a LaTeX manuscript within the Journal of Biosphere formatting criteria.
        Review Articles
      • Review articles are written based mostly on secondary data that is falling in line with the theme of the journal. They are brief, yet critical discussions on a specific aspect of the subject concerned. Reviews generally start with the statement of the problem with a brief abstract of 300 words and few key words. Introduction generally brings the issue forward to the readers followed by analytical discussion with the help of necessary tables, graphs, pictures and illustrations wherever necessary. It summarizes the topic with a conclusion. All the statements or observations in the review articles must be based on necessary citations, providing complete reference at the end of the article.
      • Commentaries are opinion articles written mostly by the veteran and experienced writers on a specific development, recent innovation or research findings that fall in line with the theme of the journal. They are very brief articles with the title and abstract that provides the gist of the topic to be discussed, with few key words. It straight away states the problems and provides a thorough analysis with the help of the illustrations, graphs and tables if necessary. It summarizes the topic with a brief conclusion, citing the references at the end.
        Case Study
      • Case studies are accepted with a view to add additional information related to the investigative research that advances in the field of science.
      • It should add value to the main content/article submitted, by providing key insights about the core area. Cases reports must be brief and follow a clear format such as Cases and Methods Section (That describe the nature of the issue and the methodology adopt to address it), discussion section that analyzes the case and a Conclusion section that sums up the entire case.
      • Editorials are concise commentaries on a currently published article/issue. Editorial office may approach for any such works and authors must submit it within three weeks from the date of receiving invitation.
        Letters to the Editor/Concise Communications
      • Letters to the editor should be limited to commentaries on previous articles published with specific reference to issues and causes related to it. It should be concise, comprehensive and brief reports of cases or research findings. It does not follow a format such as abstract, subheads, or acknowledgments. It is more a response or the opinion of the reader on a particular article published and should reach the editor within 6 months of article publication.
        Acknowledgement: This section includes acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds, etc.
        Note: If an author fails to submit his/her work as per the above instructions, they are requested to maintain clear titles namely headings, subheading.
        Only published or accepted manuscripts should be included in the reference list. Meetings abstracts, conference talks, or papers that have been submitted but not yet accepted should not be cited. All personal communications should be supported by a letter from the relevant authors.
        Journal of Biosphere uses the Parenthetical In-Text Citation This citation typically consists of the author's last name(s), and the year of publication in parentheses at the end of the sentence. The period goes after the closed parenthesis. “This is a direct citation” (Chapman, 2019). Multiple citations within a single set of brackets should be separated by commas.
        Make sure the parts of the manuscript are in the correct order for the relevant journal before ordering the citations. Figure captions and tables should be at the end of the manuscript.
        Authors are requested to provide at least one online link for each reference as following (preferably PubMed).
        Because all references will be linked electronically as much as possible to the papers they cite, proper formatting of the references is crucial. Please use the following style for the reference list:
        Published Papers
      1. UK.Laemmli,"Cleavage of structural proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T4," Nature,vol.227,pp.680-685,1970.
      2. V.Brusic, G.Rudy, G.Honeyman, J.Hammer, and L.Harrison,"Prediction of MHC class II- binding peptides using an evolutionary algorithm and artificial neural network," Bioinformatics,vol.14,pp.121- 130,1998.
      3. V.Doroshenko, L.Airich, M.Vitushkina, A.Kolokolova, V.Livshits, et al., "YddG from Escherichia coli promotes export of aromatic amino acids," FEMS Microbiol Lett,vol.275,pp. 312-318,2007.
        Note: Please list the first five authors and then add "et al." if there are additional authors.
        Electronic Journal Articles Entrez Programming Utilities
      1. Baggot JD (1999) Principles of drug disposition in domestic animals: The basis of Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology. (1stedn), W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, London, Toranto.
      2. Zhang Z (2006) Bioinformatics tools for differential analysis of proteomic expression profiling data from clinical samples. Taylor & Francis CRC Press.
      1. Hofmann T (1999) The Cluster-Abstraction Model: unsupervised learning of topic hierarchies from text data. Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence.
        These should be used at a minimum and designed as simple as possible.We strongly encourage authors to submit tables as doc format. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes.Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend.
        Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. Preferably,the details of the methods used in the experiments should be described in the legend instead of the text.The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text.Cells can be copied from an Excel spreadsheet and pasted into a word document, but Excel files should not be embedded as objects.
        The preferred file formats for photographic images are .doc, TIFF and JPEG. If you have created images with separate components on different layers, please send us the Photoshop files.
        All images must be at or above intended display size, with the following image resolutions: Line Art 800 dpi, Combination (Line Art + Halftone) 600 dpi, Halftone 300 dpi. See the Image quality specifications chart for details. Image files also must be cropped as close to the actual image as possible. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.
        Figure legends: These should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet.
        Tables and Equations as Graphics
        If equations cannot be encoded in MathML, submit them in TIFF or EPS format as discrete files (i.e., a file containing only the data for one equation).Only when tables cannot be encoded as XML/SGML can they be submitted as graphics. If this method is used, it is critical that the font size in all equations and tables is consistent and legible throughout all submissions.
        Supplementary Information
        All Supplementary Information (figures, tables and Summary diagram/, etc.) is supplied as a single PDF file, where possible. File size within the permitted limits for Supplementary Information.Images should be a maximum size of 640 x 480 pixels (9 x 6.8 inches at 72 pixels per inch).
        Proofs and Reprints
        Electronic proofs will be sent as an e-mail attachment to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript and no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Authors can freely download the PDF file. Hard copies of the documents are available on request.
        All works published by Journal of Biosphere are under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. This permits anyone to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited.